also known as: Eshtemoh
The town was in the mountains of Judah (Joshua 21:14; 1 Chronicles 6:57), and was allotted, with the land around it, to the priests—becoming a Levitical city. It is also called “Eshtemoh” (Joshua 15:50).
It is identified with As-Samu (es-Semu’a), a village about 3½ miles east of Socoh, and 7 or 8 miles south of Hebron, around which there are ancient remains of the ruined city. It is the center of the “south country” or Negeb.