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Who and what is ENOCH?

also known as: Henok, Chenok and Chanokh

Meaning: initiated; dedication; commencement—probably signifying a new manner of life

This was the name of a pre-Flood city and 2 biblical men (one a righteous son of Jared, the other of the world’s first born child, Cain). Both men were of the pre-Flood world.

  1. Enoch, the oldest son of Cain (Genesis 4:17)

    Scripture notes that he was the father of Irad (possibly meaning: “Townsman”) and grandfather of Mehujael

  2. Enoch, a pre-Flood city (Genesis 4:17)

    It was built by Adam’s son Cain, east of Eden in the land of Nod. Cain named it after his oldest son Enoch (above). This is the first “city” mentioned in Scripture. Nothing else is known about it.

    He built a city, in token of a fixed separation from the church of God, to which he had no thoughts of ever returning. This city was to be the headquarters of the apostasy. … He undertook this building, to divert his thoughts from the consideration of his own misery, and to drown the clamours of a guilty conscience with the noise of axes and hammers. Thus many baffle their convictions by thrusting themselves into a hurry of worldly business (Matthew Henry, Commentary on the Whole Bible).

    Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and we never find that he came into it again, to his comfort. The land Cain dwelt in was called the land of Nod, which means, ‘shaking,’ or ‘trembling,’ and so shows the restlessness and uneasiness of his own spirit, or ‘the land of a vagabond:’ they that depart from God cannot find rest any where else. Those on Earth who looked for the heavenly city, chose to dwell in tabernacles or tents; but Cain, as not minding that city, built one on Earth. Thus all who are cursed of God seek their settlement and satisfaction here below (Matthew Henry, Concise Commentary).

  3. Enoch, a righteous pre-Flood patriarch who was apparently taken directly to Heaven, without dying

    The son of Jared, and father of long-lived Methuselah (Genesis 5:21; Luke 3:37). His father was 162 years old when Methuselah was born. Sometime after that birth, Enoch “walked with God 300 years” (Genesis 5:22-24), when he was translated without tasting death. His whole life on Earth was 365 years. He was the “7th from Adam” (Jude 1:14), as distinguished from the son of Cain, the 3rd from Adam. He is spoken of in the catalog of Old Testament worthies in the Epistle to the Hebrews (11:5).

    When he was translated, only Adam, so far as recorded, had as yet died a natural death, and Noah was not yet born. Mention is made of Enoch’s prophesying only in Jude 1:14 (Matthew G. Easton).

    The only other biblical example of a person being taken to heaven without apparently dying is Elijah, the Tishbite, who was taken up by God in a chariot with horses of fire, amidst “a whirlwind into heaven.”


Article Version: October 12, 2017