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Hebrew: יֵשׁוּעַ —transliteration: Yeshua (an alternate form of Yehoshua = Joshua) or Yahshua
Aramaic: ܝܫܘܥ —transliteration: Ishoʕ (pronounced EE-show)
Greek: Ιησούς —transliteration: Iēsous, Iesous, or IESVS (Jesus)
Meaning: Salvation, or “The Lord is Salvation,” “The Lord Saves”
“Jesus” is the Greek form of the Hebrew name Joshua which was originally Hoshea (Oshea) (Numbers 13:8, 16—the King James Version of the Bible spells it “Oshea”), but changed by Moses into Jehoshua (Yehoshua) (Numbers 13:16; 1 Chronicles 7:27), or Joshua. After the Exile it assumed the form Jeshua, from which came the Greek form Jesus.
The name was given to our Lord to denote the object of his mission, TO SAVE. An angel told Joseph (his foster-father),
“You are to name him Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins” —Matthew 1:21
Visit our special page Who is Jesus Christ? His Life, Death and Resurrection—Discover answers to many questions about Jesus Christ)
Also, read the story of Jesus Christ in our illustrated God’s Story section—GO…
JESUS CHRIST—Jesus Christ is the official, name of our Lord. To distinguish him from others with the name Jesus, he is spoken of as “Jesus of Nazareth” (John 18:7), and “Jesus the son of Joseph” (John 6:42).
Early Earthly Life
The life of Jesus on Earth may be divided into 2 great periods, (1) his private life, till he was about 30 years of age; and (2) his public life, which lasted about 3 years.
Read about the life of Jesus Christ in our God’s Story
In the “fulness of time” he was born at Bethlehem, in the reign of the emperor Augustus, of Mary, who was betrothed to Joseph, a carpenter (Matthew 1:1; Luke 3:23; compare John 7:42). His birth was announced to shepherds (Luke 2:8-20). Wise men from the east came to Bethlehem to see him who was born “King of the Jews,” bringing gifts with them (Matthew 2:1-12). Herod’s cruel jealousy led to Joseph’s flight into Egypt with Mary and the infant Jesus, where they waited till the death of this king (Matthew 2:13-23), when they returned and settled in Nazareth, in Lower Galilee (2:23; compare Luke 4:16; John 1:46, etc.).
At the age of 12 years he went up to Jerusalem to the Passover with his parents. There, in the temple, “in the midst of the doctors,” all that heard him were “astonished at his understanding and answers” (Luke 2:41, etc.).
18 years pass during which we have no record, except that he returned to Nazareth and “increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man” (Luke 2:52). [Some have claimed that during this period, Jesus went to India and learned from Hindu Gurus? Is this true?]
He entered his public ministry when he was about 30 years of age. It is generally believed to have lasted about 3 years. Each of these years had particular features of its own.
The years of Jesus Christ’s ministry
The 1st year may be called the year of obscurity, both because the records of it which we possess are scanty, and because he seems during it to have been only slowly emerging into public notice. It was spent for the most part in Judea.
The 2nd year was the year of public favor, during which the country had become thoroughly aware of him; his activity was constant, and his reputation was known through the length and breadth of the land. It was almost wholly passed in Galilee.
The 3rd was the year of opposition, when the public favor ebbed away. His enemies multiplied and assailed him with more and more persistence, and at last he fell victim to their hatred. The first six months of this final year were passed in Galilee, and the last six in other parts of the land —James Stalker, Life of Jesus Christ, p. 45
The Gospels are eyewitnesses accounts of the words and work of Jesus Christ in many different aspects. (See CHRIST.)
Lineage, from David to MARY, mother of Jesus
KING DAVID (and Queen Bathsheba)
➤ Prince Nathan ➤ Mattathah
➤ Melea ➤ Eliakim ➤ Jonan
➤ Joseph ➤ Judah ➤ Simeon ➤ Levi ➤ Matthat ➤ Jorim
➤ Eliezer ➤ Jose
➤ Er ➤ Elmodam ➤ Cosam ➤ Addi ➤ Melchi ➤ Neri ➤ Shealtiel ➤ Zerubbabel ➤ Rhesa ➤ Joannas (Joanna) ➤ Judah ➤ Joseph ➤ Semei ➤ Mattathiah (Mattathias) ➤ Maath ➤ Naggai
➤ Nahum ➤ Amos ➤ Mattathiah (Mattathias) ➤ Joseph ➤ Janna ➤ Melchi ➤ Levi ➤ Matthat ➤ Heli ➤ MARY
Lineage, from David to Joseph, adoptive father of Jesus
King David (and Queen Bathsheba)
➤ King Solomon ➤ King Rehoboam ➤ King Abijah (Abijam)
➤ King Asa ➤ King Jehoshaphat ➤ King Jehoram (Joram)
➤ King Ahaziah (Uzziah)
➤ King Jotham ➤ King Ahaz ➤ King Hezekiah ➤ King Manasseh ➤ King Amon ➤ King Josiah ➤ Jeconiah (Jechonias, Jehoiachin, Jekonjah, Coniah, Neri)
➤ Prince Shealtiel (exiled to Babylon)
➤ Prince Zerubbabel (royal leader of the return exiles, rebuilt the altar and Temple foundation)
➤ Prince Abiud (Abihud)
➤ Governor Eliakim ➤ Azor
➤ Zadok ➤ Achim
➤ Eleazar ➤ Matthan ➤ Jacob ➤ JOSEPH, the legal father of Jesus Christ
Lineage, from Creation to David
➤ ADAM ➤ Seth ➤ Enos ➤ Cainan ➤ Mahalaleel ➤ Jared ➤ Enoch ➤ Methuselah ➤ Lamech ➤ NOAH ➤ Shem ➤ Arpachshad
➤ Shelah ➤ EBER (founder of the Hebrew race)
➤ Peleg ➤ Reu ➤ Serug ➤ Nahor ➤ Terah ➤ ABRAHAM ➤ Isaac ➤ Jacob ➤ JUDAH ➤ Perez ➤ Hezron ➤ Ram ➤ Amminadab ➤ Nahshon ➤ Salmon ➤ Boaz ➤ Obed ➤ Jesse ➤ KING DAVID
Jesus was the name of 4 other men in the Bible
Jesus (Joshua), the son of Nun
The King James Version says “Jesus” in Acts 7:45 and Hebrews 4:8. All new translations avoid confusion by using the name “Joshua.”
Jesus Justus, a Jewish Christian and co-laborer with Paul (Col. 4:11)
Jesus bar-Abbas (sometimes just called Barabbas)—a prisoner released by Pontius Pilate (Matthew 27:16-17)
Jesus (aka Jose, Joshua), an ancestor of Jesus Christ (Luke 3:29)
Translated as Jose in the King James Version and NJKV, and Joshua in the NIV, NASB, and NRSV.
Article Version: March 8, 2019