ChristianAnswers.Net WebBible Encyclopedia

Eleazar

Meaning: God has helped.

This was the name of 6 biblical men.

  1. High Priest Eleazar, the 3rd son of Aaron the brother of Moses (Exodus 6:23)

    His wife, a daughter of Putiel, bore him Phinehas (Exodus 6:25).

    After the death of Nadab and Abihu (Leviticus 10:12; Numbers 3:4) he was appointed to the charge of the sanctuary (Numbers 3:32). On Mount Hor he was clothed with the sacred vestments, which Moses took from off his brother Aaron and put upon him as successor to his father in the high priest’s office, which he held for more than twenty years (Numbers 20:25-29).

    He took part with Moses in numbering the people (26:3-4), and assisted at the inauguration of Joshua.

    After the conquest of Canaan, he assisted in the distribution of the land between the 12 tribes of Israel (Joshua 14:1).

    The high-priesthood remained in his family till the time of Eli, into whose family it passed, till it was restored to the family of Eleazar in the person of High Priest Zadok (1 Samuel 2:35; compare 1 Kings 2:27).

    “And Eleazar the son of Aaron died; and they buried him in a hill that pertained to Phinehas his son.” —Joshua 24:33 KJV

    The word here rendered “hill” is Gibeah, the name of several towns in Israel which were generally on or near a hill. The words may be more suitably rendered, “They buried him in Gibeah of Phinehas,” i.e., in the city of Phinehas, which has been identified, in accordance with Jewish and Samaritan traditions, with Kefr Ghuweirah='Awertah, about 7 miles north of Shiloh, and a few miles southeast of Nablus. “His tomb is still shown there, overshadowed by venerable terebinths.”

    Others, however, have identified it with the village of Gaba or Gebena of Eusebius, the modern Khurbet Jibia, 5 miles north of Guphna towards Nablus.

  2. Eleazar, an inhabitant of Kirjath-jearim who was “sanctified” to take charge of the ark of the covenant, although not allowed to touch it, while it remained in the house of his father Abinadab (1 Samuel 7:1-2; compare Numbers 3:31; 4:15)

  3. Eleazar, the son of Dodo the Ahohite, of the tribe of Benjamin, one of the 3 most eminent of David’s 37 heroes (1 Chronicles 11:12) who broke through the Philistine host and brought him water from the well of Bethlehem (2 Samuel 23:9, 16)

  4. Eleazar, a son of Phinehas associated with the priests in taking charge of the sacred vessels brought back to Jerusalem after the Exile (Ezra 8:33)

  5. Eleazar, a Levite of the family of Merari (1 Chronicles 23:21-22)

  6. Eleazar, the son of Eliud

    Eleazar was the father of Matthan. All are in the direct royal line between King David and Jesus, through Joseph, Christ’s legal father (Matthew 1:15).

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