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What and who is…
This is the name of an important Biblical place and a person.
Shiloh was a city of the Tribe of Ephraim, “on the north side of Bethel,” from which it is distant 10 miles (Judges 21:19). For 300 years, it served as the spiritual capital of the Hebrew people.
Tel Shiloh and modern Shiloh—satellite view
Here the tabernacle was set up after the Conquest of Canaan (Joshua 18:1-10), where it remained during all the period of the judges till the ark fell into the hands of the Philistines.
500 years after its destruction, it was referred to by the prophet Jeremiah (7:12, 14; 26:4-9).
“But go now to My place which was in Shiloh, where I made My name dwell at the first, and see what I did to it because of the wickedness of My people Israel. And now, because you have done all these things,” declares the Lord, “and I spoke to you, rising up early and speaking, but you did not hear, and I called you but you did not answer, therefore, I will do to the house which is called by My name, in which you trust, and to the place which I gave you and your fathers, as I did to Shiloh.” —Jeremiah 7:12-14 NASB
“No spot in Central Palestine could be more secluded than this early sanctuary, nothing more featureless than the landscape around; so featureless, indeed, the landscape and so secluded the spot that from the time of St. Jerome till its re-discovery by Dr. Robinson in 1838 the very site was forgotten and unknown.”
Shiloh is a name of the Messiah.
Shiloh is an ancient Hebrew word and appears to mean “He whose it is” or “he who is to be sent” or “that which belongs to him.”
The name appears in Genesis 49:10:
The sceptre shall not depart from Judah,
nor a lawgiver from between his feet,
until Shiloh come;
and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.
“The scepter shall not depart from Judah,
Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
Until Shiloh comes [or Until he comes to Shiloh; or Until he comes to whom it belongs],
And to him shall be the obedience of the peoples. —Genesis 49:10 NASB
The Vulgate Version translates the word, “he who is to be sent,” in allusion to the Messiah; the Revised King James Version, margin, “till he come to Shiloh;” and the Septuagint, “until that which is his shall come to Shiloh.”
It is most simple and natural to render the expression, as in the King James Version, “till Shiloh come,” interpreting it as a proper name
Compare Isaiah 9:6 KJV:
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Article Version: july 18, 2018