ChristianAnswers.Net WebBible Encyclopedia


This is the name of a Biblical person and a place.

  1. a name of the Messiah

    Shiloh is and ancient Hebrew word and appears to mean “He whose it is” or “he who is to be sent” or “that which belongs to him.”

    The name appears in Genesis 49:10.

    The Vulgate Version translates the word, “he who is to be sent,” in allusion to the Messiah; the Revised King James Version, margin, “till he come to Shiloh;” and the Septuagint, “until that which is his shall come to Shiloh.”

    It is most simple and natural to render the expression, as in the King James Version, “till Shiloh come,” interpreting it as a proper name (compare Isaiah 9:6).

    “The scepter shall not depart from Judah,
    Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
    Until Shiloh comes [or Until he comes to Shiloh; or Until he comes to whom it belongs],
    And to him shall be the obedience of the peoples. —Genesis 49:10 NASB

  2. Shiloh, a place of rest, a city of Ephraim, “on the north side of Bethel,” from which it is distant 10 miles (Judges 21:19); the modern Seilun (the Arabic for Shiloh), a “mass of shapeless ruins.”

    Here the tabernacle was set up after the Conquest (Joshua 18:1-10), where it remained during all the period of the judges till the ark fell into the hands of the Philistines.

    “No spot in Central Palestine could be more secluded than this early sanctuary, nothing more featureless than the landscape around; so featureless, indeed, the landscape and so secluded the spot that from the time of St. Jerome till its re-discovery by Dr. Robinson in 1838 the very site was forgotten and unknown.”

    It is referred to by Jeremiah (7:12, 14; 26:4-9) 500 years after its destruction.