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also known as: Tubarich. טְבֶרְיָה (Hebrew), Tveria, Tabariyyah, Τιβεριάς (ancient Greek), Yam Ha-Kineret
It is said to have been founded by Herod Antipas (A.D. 16), on the site of the ruins of an older city called Rakkath, and to have been thus named by him after the Emperor Tiberius. It may have been built on the site of Rakkath.
After the fall of Jerusalem (A.D. 70), Tiberias became one of the chief residences of the Jews in Judea. It was for more than three hundred years their metropolis. From about A.D. 150 the Sanhedrin settled here, and established rabbinical schools, which rose to great celebrity. Here the Jerusalem Talmud was compiled about the beginning of the fifth century.
To this same rabbinical school also we are indebted for the Masora, a “body of traditions which transmitted the readings of the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, and preserved, by means of the vowel-system, the pronunciation of the Hebrew.” In its original form, and in all manuscripts, the Hebrew is written without vowels; hence, when it ceased to be a spoken language, the importance of knowing what vowels to insert between the consonants. This is supplied by the Masora, and hence these vowels are called the “Masoretic vowel-points.”
In 1837, about one-half of the inhabitants perished by an earthquake.
The modern Web site for the Israeli city of Tiberias is www.tiberias.muni.il