also known as: Acco, Acre (current name), Acra, St. Jean d'Acre, and Ptolemais
Hebrew: עַכּוֹ —transliteration: Akko
Greek: Πτολεμαΐς —transliteration: Ptolemais
Meaning: sultry or sandy
It was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans by the name of Ptolemais, from Ptolemy the king of Egypt, who rebuilt it about B.C. 100.
During the crusades of the Middle Ages it was called Acra; and subsequently, having been occupied by the Knights Hospitallers of Jerusalem, it was called St. Jean d'Acre, or simply Acre.