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one of the original tribes scattered over Canaan, from Hermon to Gibeon in the south

The name is interpreted as “midlanders” or “villagers” (Genesis 10:17; 1 Chronicles 1:15). They were probably a branch of the Hittites.

At the time of Jacob’s return to Canaan, Hamor the Hivite was the “prince of the land” (Genesis 34:2-28). Hamor’s son Shechem raped Dinah.

The Hivites are next mentioned during the Conquest of Canaan (Joshua 9:7; 11:19). They principally inhabited the northern confines of Western Canaan (Joshua 11:3; Judges 3:3).

A remnant of them still existed in the time of Solomon (1 Kings 9:20).