Hebrew: יִשְׁמָעֵאל —transliteration: Yishmael or Yishma'e'l or Ishmael
This was the name of 6 biblical men. The name Ishmael appears 47 times in the Bible (Old Testament).
Genesis 16:15; 17:23
Ishmael’s descendants are called Ishmaelites.
He grew up a true child of the desert, wild and wayward. On the occasion of the weaning of Isaac his rude and wayward spirit broke out in expressions of insult and mockery (Gen. 21:9-10); and Sarah, discovering this, said to Abraham, “Expel this slave and her son.”
Influenced by a divine admonition, Abraham dismissed Hagar and her son with no more than a skin of water and some bread. The narrative describing this act is one of the most beautiful and touching incidents of patriarchal life (Genesis 21:14-16). (See HAGAR.)
He became a great desert chief, but of his history little is recorded. He was about 90 years of age when his father Abraham died, in connection with whose burial he once more for a moment reappears. On this occasion the two brothers met after being long separated.
Isaac with his hundreds of household slaves, Ishmael with his troops of wild retainers and half-savage allies, in all the state of a Bedouin prince, gathered before the cave of Machpelah, in the midst of the men of Heth, to pay the last duties to the ‘father of the faithful,’ would make a notable subject for an artist (Genesis 25:9).
Of the after events of his life, little is known. He died at the age of 137 years, but where and when are unknown (25:17). He had twelve sons, who became the founders of so many Arab tribes or colonies, the Ishmaelites, who spread over the wide desert spaces of Northern Arabia from the Red Sea to the Euphrates (Genesis 37:25, 27-28; 39:1), “their hand against every man, and every man's hand against them.”
Relatives of Ishmael, son of Abraham
- Father: Abraham
- Mother: Hagar
- Brothers: Isaac, Midian
- Sons: Jetur, Kedar, Kedemah, Massa, Mibsam, Naphish, Nebaioth (Nebajoth), etc.
Ishmael, a treacherous royal son of Nethaniah
He was a grandson of Elishama (Jeremiah 40:8; 40:15)
He was an ally of the Ammonite King Baalis, his co-conspirator (Jeremiah 40:14). With a hit team of ten men, he assassinated the foreign-installed governor of Judah, Gedaliah (son of Ahikam) at a dinner party. This occured at the time of King Nebuchadnezzar (see account: 2 Kings 25:22-26; Jeremiah 40:7-41:16).
When Johanan and the army officers with him heard about Ishmael’s crimes, they went to stop him and caught up with him at the pool in Gibeon. Ismael escaped among the Ammonites (Jeremiah 41:11-12), and the captives were rescued.
Ishmael, a son of Azel
He was appointed by King Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 19:11).
Captain Ishmael, a son of Jehohanan
2 Chronicles 23:1
He was a captain in the army who assisted the High Priest Jehoiada in defeating the evil Queen Athaliah (daughter of Ahab and Jezebel), so that Joash (the rightful heir to the throne) could be made Judah's king.
Ishmael, a son of Pashur