the Greek form of the name of several Persian kings
This was the name of 2 Biblical kings.
Artaxerxes, the king who obstructed the rebuilding of the temple (Ezra 4:7)
He was probably the Smerdis of secular history.
Artaxerxes, the king mentioned in Ezra 7:1, in the 7th year (B.C. 458) of whose reign Ezra led a second colony of Jews back to Jerusalem
This was probably Longimanus, who reigned for 40 years (B.C. 464-425), the grandson of Darius, who, 14 years later, permitted Nehemiah to return and rebuild Jerusalem