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Jabin

Meaning: discerner; the wise

This was the name of 2 Biblical kings.

  1. Jabin, a king of Hazor, at the time of the entrance of Israel into Canaan (Joshua 11:1-14), whose overthrow and that of the northern chief with whom he had entered into a confederacy against Joshua was the crowning act in the conquest of the land (11:21-23; compare 14:6-15)

    This great battle, fought at Lake Merom, was the last of Joshua's battles of which we have any record. Here for the first time the Israelites encountered the iron chariots and horses of the Canaanites.

  2. Jabin, another king of Hazor, called “the king of Canaan,” who overpowered the Israelites of the north 160 years after Joshua's death, and for 20 years held them in painful subjection

    The whole population were paralyzed with fear, and gave way to hopeless despondency (Judges 5:6-11), till Deborah and Barak aroused the national spirit, and gathering together 10-thousand men, gained a great and decisive victory over Jabin in the plain of Esdraelon (Judges 4:10-16; compare Psalm 83:9).

    This was the first great victory Israel had gained since the days of Joshua. They never needed to fight another battle with the Canaanites (Judges 5:31).

    King Jabin had an army commander named Sisera who was killed by a woman, as foretold by Deborah. The woman’s name was Jael, wife of Heber.


What have archaeologists discovered about the biblical city of HAZOR? (site of conquests, triumphs, sin, defeat and major earthquake)

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Article Version: June 1, 2019