ChristianAnswers.Net WebBible Encyclopedia
Plain of Esdraelon
also known as: Jezreel Valley, Valley of Jezreel
Esdraelon is the Greek form of the Hebrew word: “Jezreel”
Esdraeolon is the name of the great plain (called by the natives Merj Ibn Amer; i.e., “the meadow of the son of Amer”) which stretches across Central Israel from the Jordan to the Mediterraanean, separating the mountain ranges of Carmel and Samaria from those of Galilee, extending about 14 miles from north to south, and 9 miles from east to west.
It is drained by “that ancient river” the Kishon, which flows westward to the Mediterranean. From the foot of Mount Tabor, it branches out into 3 valleys, that on the north passing between Tabor and Little Hermon (Judges 4:14); that on the south between Mount Gilboa and En-gannim (2 Kings 9:27); while the central portion, the “valley of Jezreel” proper, runs into the Jordan valley (which is about 1,000 feet lower than Esdraelon) by Bethshean. Here Gideon gained his great victory over the Midianites (Judges 7:1-25).
Here also Barak defeated Sisera, and Saul’s army was defeated by the Philistines, and king Josiah, while fighting in disguise against Necho, king of Egypt, was slain (2 Chronicles 35:20-27; 2 Kings 23-29).
Article Version: September 5, 2017