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colorsalso known as “colours”
spelled “colour” in the King James Bible
The subject of colors holds an important place in the Scriptures. White, purple, blue, and scarlet were used in the textures of the tabernacle curtains (Exodus 26:1, 31, 36), and also in the high priest’s ephod, girdle, and breastplate (Exodus 28:5-6, 8, 15). Scarlet thread is mentioned in connection with the rites of cleansing the leper (Leviticus 14:4, 6, 51) and of burning the red heifer (Numbers 19:6). It was a crimson thread that Rahab was to bind on her window as a sign that she was to be saved alive (Joshua 2:18; 6:25) when the city of Jericho was taken.
Scarlet or Crimson
The Phoenicians excelled in the art of crimson dyeing (2 Chronicles 2:7). The small parasitic insects from which this dye was obtained somewhat resembled the cochineal which is found in Eastern countries. It is called by naturalists Coccus ilics. The dye was procured from the female grub alone.
In Genesis 38:28-30, the word translated as “scarlet” means “to shine,” and expresses the brilliancy of the color.
a brick red; compared to scarlet, this color is slightly more orange
color source: ground cinnabar (bright red mineral consisting of mercury sulfide)
The coloring matter in each separate shell-fish amounted to only a single drop, and hence the great value of this dye.
Robes of this color were worn by kings (Judges 8:26) and high officers (Esther 8:15). They were also worn by the wealthy and luxurious (Jeremiah 10:9; Ezek. 27:7; Luke 16:19; Rev. 17:4). With this color was associated the idea of royalty and majesty (Judges 8:26; Song of Songs 3:10; 7:5; Dan. 5:7, 16, 29).
The color was emblematic of the sky, the deep dark hue of the Eastern sky. This color was used in the same way as purple.
The ribbon and fringe of the Hebrew dress were of this color (Numbers 15:38). The loops of the curtains (Exodus 26:4), the lace of the high priest’s breastplate, the robe of the ephod, and the lace on his mitre, were blue (Exodus 28:28, 31, 37).
This color was procured from a species of shellfish, the chelzon of the Hebrews, and the Helix ianthina of modern naturalists.
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White occurs as the translation of various Hebrew words.
White was an emblem of purity and innocence (Mark 16:5; John 20:12; Rev. 19:8, 14), of joy (Eccl. 9:8), and also of victory (Zechariah 6:3; Rev. 6:2). The hangings of the tabernacle court (Exodus 27:9; 38:9), the coats, mitres, bonnets, and breeches of the priests (Exodus 39:27-28), and the dress of the high priest on the day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:4, 32), were white.
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The word translated “brown” in Genesis 30:32 (Revised King James Version, “black”) means properly “scorched,” i.e., the color produced by the influence of the sun’s rays.
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