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topaz in the Bible
Hebrew: פִטְדָה —transliteration: pitdah
Greek: τοπάζιον —transliteration: topazion
The ancient word pitdah appears only 4 times in Scripture. It is clearly a precious stone (a gem stone) and is perhaps topaz, as it is rendered by almost all translators. However, that translation is based on the Septuagint translation and is not absolutely definitive. Some suppose pitdah refers to the peridot or chrysoberyl.
Most authors seem to agree that the pitdah was yellow-brown.
Mentions of pitdah in Scripture
Mention of topaz
Topaz crystals are very hard and generally golden brown to yellow in color, although they can be colorless, and if certain additional materials are present natural crystals may be orange, red, green, blue, gray, pink, or pink-orange.
Article Version: September 10, 2019