ChristianAnswers.Net WebBible Encyclopedia
also known as: whore, prostitute, camp follower, Cyprian, bawd
Greek: πόρναι or πόρνη —transliteration: pornai or porné
Meaning: “prostitute,” “harlot” —a woman who sells her body for sexual uses / one who yields herself to defilement for the sake of gain / In the New Testament, “any woman indulging in unlawful sexual intercourse, whether for gain or for lust”
In the New Testament, this word occurs in various contexts.
Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ? Shall I then take the members of Christ and make them members of a prostitute? Never!
Or do you not know that he who is joined to a prostitute becomes one body with her? For, as it is written,
“The two will become one flesh.” —1 Corinthians 6:15-16 ESV
Christ said to the chief priests and the elders of the people at the Temple,
“Truly, I say to you, the tax collectors and the prostitutes go into the kingdom of God before you. For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes believed him. And even when you saw it, you did not afterward change your minds and believe him. —Matthew 21:31-32 ESV
…when this son of yours came, who has devoured your property with prostitutes, you killed the fattened calf for him!… —Luke 15:30 ESV
By faith Rahab the prostitute did not perish with those who were disobedient… —Hebrews 11:31 ESV (also see James 2:25)
The word pornai is used symbolically in Revelation 17:1, 5, 15-16; 19:2—the Great Whore or Great Harlot.
Hebrew: זָנָה —transliteration: zanah or zonah
Meaning: to commit fornication; to be a prostitute
This is the word used in Genesis 34:31…
…they said, “Should he treat our sister like a prostitute?” —ESV
When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face. —Genesis 38:15 ESV
In the time of Solomon, harlots appeared openly in the streets, and he solemnly warns against association with them.
For at the window of my house
I have looked out through my lattice,
and I have seen among the simple,
I have perceived among the youths,
a young man lacking sense,
passing along the street near her corner,
taking the road to her house
in the twilight, in the evening,
at the time of night and darkness.
And behold, the woman meets him,
dressed as a prostitute, wily of heart.
She is loud and wayward;
her feet do not stay at home;
now in the street, now in the market,
and at every corner she lies in wait.
She seizes him and kisses him,
and with bold face she says to him,
“I had to offer sacrifices,
and today I have paid my vows;
so now I have come out to meet you,
to seek you eagerly, and I have found you.
I have spread my couch with coverings,
colored linens from Egyptian linen;
I have perfumed my bed with myrrh,
aloes, and cinnamon.
Come, let us take our fill of love till morning;
let us delight ourselves with love.
For my husband is not at home;
he has gone on a long journey;
he took a bag of money with him;
at full moon he will come home.”
With much seductive speech she persuades him;
with her smooth talk she compels him.
All at once he follows her,
as an ox goes to the slaughter,
or as a stag is caught fast
till an arrow pierces its liver;
as a bird rushes into a snare;
he does not know that it will cost him his life. —Proverbs 7:6-23 ESV
Also see: Proverbs 9:14; Jeremiah 3:2; Ezek. 16:24-25, 31)
Hebrew: קְדֵשָׁה —transliteration: kedeshah or qedeshah
This word refers to a woman consecrated or devoted to prostitution in connection with the abominable worship of Asherah or Astarte, the Syrian Venus.
And he asked the men of the place, “Where is the cult prostitute who was at Enaim at the roadside?” And they said, “No cult prostitute has been here.” So he returned to Judah and said, “I have not found her. Also, the men of the place said, ‘No cult prostitute has been here.’” —Genesis 38:21-22 ESV
This word is also used in Deuteronomy 23:17; Hos. 4:14. Thus Tamar sat by the wayside as a consecrated kedeshah.
It has been attempted to show that Rahab, usually called a “harlot” (Joshua 2:1; 6:17; Hebrews 11:31; James 2:25), was only an innkeeper. This interpretation, however, cannot be maintained.
To commit fornication is metaphorically used for to practice idolatry (Jeremiah 3:1; Ezek. 16:15; Hosea throughout); hence Jerusalem is spoken of as a harlot (Isaiah 1:21).
Hebrew: נָכְרִי —transliteration: nokri or nokriyah
Meaning: foreign; alien
“strange woman” (1 Kings 11:1; Proverbs 5:20; 7:5; 23:27)
Those so designated were Canaanites and other Gentiles (Joshua 23:13). To the same class belonged the “foolish,” i.e., the sinful, “woman.”
Jephthah’s mother is called a “strange woman” (Judges 11:2). This, however, merely denotes that she was of foreign extraction.
Article Version: October 9, 2017