a grain much cultivated in Egypt (Exodus 9:31) and in Israel (Leviticus 27:16; Deuteronomy 8:8)
It was usually the food of horses (1 Kings 4:28).
Barley bread was used by the poorer people (Judges 7:13; 2 Kings 4:42).
Barley of the first crop was ready for the harvest by the time of the Passover, in the middle of April (Ruth 1:22; 2 Samuel 21:9).
Mention is made of barley-meal (Numbers 5:15).
Our Lord fed five thousand with “five barley loaves and two small fishes” (John 6:9).