What is a…
bath in the Bible
The word bath has 2 meanings in the Bible.
Bath, a liquid measurement
A bath is a Hebrew liquid measure, particular used for oils, wine and vinegar.
A bath is one-tenth (⅒) of a homer (1 Kings 7:26; 7:38).
Because the Israelites sometimes cheated by using inaccurate measurements in trade, God commanded,
You shall have just balances, a just ephah and a just bath. —Ezek. 45:10 NASB
Based on measurements, archaeologists tell us that a bath was apparently about 6-gallons or 5.75 US gallons based on a study of jars marked bath found in Tell Beit Mirsim, Israel—between Mount Hebron and the Shfela).1
He [Hiram] also he made the Sea of cast metal ten cubits from brim to brim, circular in shape, and its height was five cubits, and it was thirty cubits in circumference. …it could hold two thousand baths. —1 Kings 7:13-26 NASB excerpt
2,000 baths is thought to be about 12,000 gallons (45,424 liters).
The liquid measurement bath is equal to 72 logs.
The dry measurement ephah is also equal to 72 logs.
1 bath of wine produced by a 10 acre vineyard?
Bathing, to bathe
A different Hebrew word is used for bathing (a verb):
Hebrew: רָחַץ —transliteration: rachats —meaning: to wash, wash off or away, bathe
- Buttrick editor, The Interpreter's Bible (Nashville: Abingden Press, 1956), volume 6
- Washing in the Bible
- What is a homer?
- What is a kor (cor)?
- Biblical Weights and Measures
- Learn about archeology and the Bible