The Mosaic law encouraged the practice of lending (Deuteronomy 15:7; Psalm 37:26; Matthew 5:42); but it forbade the exaction of interest, except from foreigners.

Usury was strongly condemned (Proverbs 28:8; Ezek. 18:8, 13, 17; 22:12; Psalm 15:5).

On the Sabbatical year all pecuniary obligations were cancelled (Deuteronomy 15:1-11). These regulations prevented the accumulation of debt.

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