Hebrew: פִּדְיוֹן —transliteration: pidyowm (“ransom” or “redemption”)
ἀπολυτρώσεως —transliteration: apolutrósis
λύτρωσιν —transliteration: lutrósis
Redemption is paying the ransom price of something that has been lost, thereby purchasing it back.
“…the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.” —Matthew 20:2 NASB and Mark 10:45
There are instances in the Septuagint Version of the Old Testament of the use of lutron in man’s relation to man (Leviticus 19:20; 25:51; Exodus 21:30; Numbers 35:31, 32; Isaiah 45:13; Proverbs 6:35), and in the same sense of man’s relation to God (Numbers 3:49; 18:15).
There are many passages in the New Testament which represent Christ’s sufferings under the idea of a ransom or price, and the result thereby secured is a purchase or redemption (compare Acts 20:28; 1 Corinthians 6:19, 20; Galatians 3:13; 4:4, 5; Ephesians 1:7; Col. 1:14; 1 Timothy 2:5-6; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 9:12; 1 Peter 1:18—19; Rev. 5:9).
The idea running through all these texts, however various their reference, is that of payment made for our redemption. The debt against us is not viewed as simply cancelled, but is FULLY PAID.
It is the plain doctrine of Scripture that…
“Christ saves us neither by the mere exercise of power, nor by his doctrine, nor by his example, nor by the moral influence which he exerted, nor by any subjective influence on his people, whether natural or mystical, but as a satisfaction to divine justice, as an expiation for sin, and as a ransom from the curse and authority of the law, thus reconciling us to God by making it consistent with his perfection to exercise mercy toward sinners.” —Charles Hodge, Systematic Theology
- What is RANSOM? Answer
- What is a REDEEMER? Answer
- What is SIN? Answer
- What is DEBT? Answer
- What is a DEBTOR? Answer
- What is LAW? Answer
- What is the JUSTICE OF GOD? Answer
- What is THE FINAL JUDGMENT? Answer
- What is ATONEMENT? Answer
- What is the DAY OF ATONEMENT? Answer
- What is EXPIATION? Answer
- What is JUSTIFICATION? Answer
- What is GRACE? Answer
- What is RECONCILIATION? Answer
- What is the GOSPEL? Answer
- What is SALVATION? Answer
- Who is the DELIVERER? Answer
- What is the HUMILIATION OF CHRIST? Answer
- What is PERFECTION? Answer
- Is Jesus Christ the answer?