1. Hebrew: hatsabh. Job 19:24, rendered “graven,” but generally means hewn stone or wood, in quarry or forest.

  2. Hebrew: harush. Jeremiah 17:1, rendered “graven,” and indicates generally artistic work in metal, wood, and stone, effected by fine instruments.

  3. Hebrew: haqaq. Ezek. 4:1, engraving a plan or map, rendered “pourtray;” Job 19:23, “written.”

  4. Hebrew: pasal points rather to the sculptor’s or the carver’s art (Isaiah 30:22; 40:19; 41:7; 44:12-15).

  5. Pathah refers to intaglio work, the cutting and engraving of precious stones (Exodus 28:9-11, 21; Zechariah 3:9; Song of Songs 1:10-11).

  6. Heret. In Exodus 32:4 rendered “graving tool;” and in Isaiah 8:1, “a pen.”