What is…
Tammuz

also known as: Tamuz

This is the name of the the fourth month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year and tenth month of the civil year. The name was borrowed from Chaldeans.

The name is a corruption of Dumuzi, the Accadian sun-god (the Adonis of the Greeks), the husband of the goddess Ishtar.

In the Chaldean calendar there was a month set apart in honor of this false god, the month of June to July, the beginning of the summer solstice. At this festival, which lasted six days, the worshippers, with loud lamentations, bewailed the funeral of the god, they sat “weeping for Tammuz” (Ezek. 8:14).

ALSO SEE

Jewish months

Month Number
Biblical
Ecclesiastical
Civil Name Days Rough
equivalent
1 7 Nisan / Abib 30 Mar–Apr
2 8 Zif (Ziv) / Iyar 29 Apr–May
3 9 Sivan / Siwan 30 May–Jun
4 10 Tammuz / Tamuz 29 Jun–Jul
5 11 Av / Ab 30 Jul–Aug
6 12 Elul 29 Aug–Sep
7 1 Ethanim / Tisri (Tishrei)) 30 Sep–Oct
8 2 Bul / Marcheshvan (Cheshvan) 29/30 Oct–Nov
9 3 Chisleu / Chislev / Kislev 30/29 Nov–Dec
10 4 Tebeth / Tevet 29 Dec–Jan
11 5 Sebat / Shevat / Shvat / Shebat 30 Jan–Feb
12 6 Adar 29 Feb–Mar
Article Version: June 4, 2021