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Year

Hebrew: shanah, meaning “repetition” or “revolution”

(Gen. 1:14; 5:3)

Among the ancient Egyptians the year consisted of twelve months of thirty days each, with five days added to make it a complete revolution of the Earth round the sun.

The Jews reckoned the year in two ways,

  1. according to a sacred calendar, in which the year began about the time of the vernal equinox, with the month Abib; and…

  2. according to a civil calendar, in which the year began about the time of the autumnal equinox, with the month Nisan.

The month Tisri is now the beginning of the Jewish year.

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