also known as: Artemis
Greek: Ἄρτεμις —transliteration: Artemis
This is the Roman name of a false god of ancient idolatrous pagans—a daughter of Zeus and sister of Apollo. She was the Roman’s goddess of the hunt and wild animals. Greeks called her Artemis.
In Ephesus, she was worshipped as the equivalent to Mother Nature and typified fertility. Her most noted temple was that at Ephesus. It was built outside the city walls, and was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
“First and last it was the work of 220 years; built of shining marble; 342 feet long by 164 feet broad; supported by a forest of columns, each 56 feet high; a sacred museum of masterpieces of sculpture and painting. At the center, hidden by curtains, within a gorgeous shrine, stood the very ancient image of the goddess, on wood or ebony reputed to have fallen from the sky. Behind the shrine was a treasury, where, as in ‘the safest bank in Asia,’ nations and kings stored their most precious things. The temple as St. Paul saw it subsisted till A.D. 262, when it was ruined by the Goths” (Acts 19:23-41). —Moule on Ephesians: Introduction
Diana is reportedly revered in modern neopagan religions including Roman neopaganism, Stregheria, and Wicca. Folklore attached to her developed and was eventually adapted into neopagan religions, the mythology surrounding Diana grew to include a consort (Lucifer) and daughter (Aradia). 1
- Sabina Magliocco, Aradia in Sardinia: The Archaeology of a Folk Character (Hidden Publishing, 2009), pp. 40-60 in “Ten Years of Triumph of the Moon”.
- About idolatry and false goods in the Bible
- About idols in the Bible
- Who is Demetrius?
- What is Ephesus?