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Hebrew: עָנָק —transliteration: Anaq —meaning: neck, or long-necked —occurrences: 9 in Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua and Judges

This was the name of a son of Arba.

Anak is the father of the Anakim, a Rephaite tribe (Josh. 21:11; Deu. 2:11). The Anakim were a giant people living around Hebron and in Philistia in Old Testament times.

Now he gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh a portion among the sons of Judah, according to the command of Yahweh to Joshua, namely, Kiriath-arba, Arba being the father of Anak (that is, Hebron). —Joshua 15:13

So they gave them Kiriath-arba (Arba being the father of Anak), that is, Hebron, in the hill country of Judah, with its pasture lands all around it. —Joshua 21:11

Hebrew: 'Anakim (Deuteronomy 2:10-11, 21; Joshua 11:21-22; 14:12, 15; called “sons of Anak,” Numbers 13:33; “children of Anak,” 13:22; Joshua 15:14), a nomad race of giants descended from Arba (Joshua 14:15), the father of Anak, that dwelt in the south of Israel near Hebron (Genesis 23:2; Joshua 15:13).

They were a Cushite tribe of the same race as the Philistines and the Egyptian shepherd kings. David on several occasions encountered them (2 Samuel 21:15-22). From this race sprung Goliath (1 Samuel 17:4).

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