ChristianAnswers.Net WebBible Encyclopedia
a word naturally of frequent occurrence in Scripture
Sometimes the word “pastor” is used instead (Jeremiah 2:8; 3:15; 10:21; 12:10; 17:16). This word is used figuratively to represent the relation of rulers to their subjects and of God to his people (Psalms 23:1; 80:1; Isaiah 40:11; 44:28; Jeremiah 25:34,35; Nahum 3:18; John 10:11,14; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25; 5:4).
The duties of a shepherd in an unenclosed country like Israel were very onerous.
See the Christian archaeological video which describes ancient shepherds: On the Prophets & Kings of Israel (“The Lord is My Shepherd—Negev,” part of the Faith Lessons video series). “The Old Testament portrayal of God as shepherd has been lost in our culture. Rediscover the key to hearing the voice of God that guides us to fulfilled lives.”