Who and what is…
Meaning: a breath, vapor, or vanity / Hebrew: “Hebel” (Hebhel).
In the Bible, this was the name of a man and 2 places.
Abel, the first human in the world to physically die
Guided by the instruction of their father, the 2 brothers were trained in the duty of worshipping God. On the Sabbath, each of them offered up to God from the first-fruits of his labors. Cain, as a tiller of the ground, offered the fruits of the field; Abel, as a shepherd, offered from the best of his flock.
There are several references to Abel in the New Testament. Our Savior speaks of him as “righteous” (Matthew 23:35). “The blood of sprinkling” is said to speak “better things than that of Abel” (Hebrews 12:24); i.e., the blood of Jesus is the reality of which the blood of the offering made by Abel was only a symbol. The comparison here is between the sacrifice offered by Christ and that offered by Abel, and not between the blood of Christ calling for mercy and the blood of the murdered Abel calling for vengeance, as has sometimes been supposed.
It is also said that “Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain” (Hebrews 11:4). This sacrifice was made “by faith;” this faith rested in God, not only as the Creator and the God of providence, but especially in God as the great Redeemer, whose sacrifice was symbolized by the sacrifices which were offered from the days of Adam downward. Because of that “faith” which looked forward to the great atoning sacrifice, Abel’s offering was accepted by God. Cain’s offering had no such reference, and therefore was rejected.
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Abel (Hebrew: 'abhel), a grassy place, a meadow. This word is used in the composition of the following words: