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raisins in the Bible

Raisans. Photographer: Syed F Hashemi.
Raisans

Hebrew: צַמּוּק —transliteration: tsimmuq —meaning: bunch of raisins

Raisins are dried grapes and were a valued food item in Biblical times mentioned several times in Scripture. The word raisin is generally reserved for the dark-colored dried large grape.

King David…

…distributed to all the people, to all the multitude of Israel, both to men and women, a cake of bread, one of dates, and one of raisins to each one. Then all the people left, each to his house. —2 Samuel 6:19 NASB

Note: Dried raisins were often pressed together to form portions (a cake) for transportation or storage.

Abigail, wife of the Nabal

Then Abigail hurried and took two hundred loaves of bread and two jugs of wine, and five sheep already prepared and five measures of roasted grain, and a hundred cakes of raisins and two hundred cakes of figs, and she loaded them on donkeys. —1 Samuel 25:18 NASB

King David’s servants gave to an Egyptian

They also gave him a slice of fig cake and two cakes of raisins, and he ate; then his spirit revived. For he had not eaten bread or drunk water for three days and three nights. —1 Samuel 30:12 NASB

Ziba gave to David and his people

Now when David had gone on a little beyond the summit, behold, Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth met him with a team of saddled donkeys, and on them were two hundred loaves of bread, a hundred cakes of raisins, a hundred summer fruits, and a jug of wine. —2 Samuel 16:1 NASB

There was joy indeed in Israel

Moreover, those who were near to them, as far as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali, brought food on donkeys, camels, mules, and on oxen, great quantities of flour cakes, fig cakes and bunches of raisins, wine, oil, oxen, and sheep. There was joy indeed in Israel. —1 Chronicles 12:40 NASB

Idolatrous pleasure seekers

…they turn to other gods and love raisin cakes. —Hosea 3:1 NASB excerpt

Dr. John MacArthur reminds readers of the propecies of Hosea that raisin cakes were “eaten as a part of special occasions” (see 2 Sam. 6:19), and “they may have been used in idolatrous ceremonies, possibly as an aphrodisiac” (see Song of Songs 2:5), possibly a type of “love cake.”

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Article Version: May 21, 2021