Christian Answers Network logo trademark
Christian Answers

What is…

This word is sometimes used in Scripture to denote produce in general (vegetable or animal), specific fruits and metaphoric fruit.

Hebrew and Greek words

Hebrew: פְרִי —transliteration: peri

Hebrew: אֵב —transliteration: eb

Hebrew: תְּנוּבָה —transliteration: tenubah

Greek: καρπὸν —transliteration: karpon

Greek: καρπός —transliteration: karpos

Greek: καρποφοροῦσιν —transliteration: karpophorousin —meaning: bring forth fruit

Greek: καρποφορέω —transliteration: karpophoreó —meaning: to bear fruit

Fruit of the land

The Hebrews divided the fruits of the land into 3 classes:

  1. The fruit of the field, “corn-fruit” (Hebrew: dagan)—all kinds of grain and pulse.

  2. The fruit of the vine, “vintage-fruit” (Hebrew: tirosh)—grapes, whether moist or dried.

  3. “Orchard-fruits” (Hebrew: yitshar)—such as dates, figs, citrons, etc.

    See: Agriculture of the Bible

Injunctions concerning offerings and tithes were expressed by these Hebrew terms alone (Numbers 18:12; Deuteronomy 14:23).


The word “fruit” is also used in reference to children or offspring (Genesis 30:2; Deuteronomy 7:13; Luke 1:42; Psalm 21:10; 132:11), and also of the progeny of beasts (Deuteronomy 28:51; Isaiah 14:29).

Metaphoric fruit

The word “fruit” is used metaphorically in a variety of forms (Psalm 104:13; Proverbs 1:31; 11:30; 31:16; Isaiah 3:10; 10:12; Matthew 3:8; 21:41; 26:29; Hebrews 13:15; Romans 7:4-5; 15:28).

The fruits of the Spirit (Galatians 5:22-23; Ephesians 5:9; James 3:17-18) are those gracious dispositions and habits which the Spirit produces in those in whom He dwells and works.

Good Christian fruits include…


Article Version: June 6, 2019