- Simon Peter, one of the 12 closest disciples specifically chosen by Jesus Christ and an apostle (Matthew 4:18)
Simon Iscariot, the father of Judas Iscariot (John 6:71; 13:2, 26)
- Simon the Zealot, one of the 12 closest disciples specifically chosen by Jesus Christ
His name is briefly mentioned in Matthew (Matthew 10:2-4), Mark (Mark 3:16), Luke (Luke 6:14), and the Acts of the Apostles (Acts 1:13). There is apparently no other biblical record of this apostle, so he remains more obscure than most.
He is called Simon the Zealot or Canaanite, Cananite, or Cananean. He is also called Simon “Zelotes” (Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13; Revised King James Version, “the Zealot”).
Before he was called to apostleship, he had apparently been a member of the fanatical sect of the Zealots, an aggressive political party, that opposed the Roman census for taxation and their occupation of Judea. They were looking for a conquering Messiah. The ancient historian Josephus mentions its founder—a man named “Judas of Galilee” (Acts 5:37) or “…the Galilean” or “…of Gamala.” The movement began in 6 A.D. and was defeated by the Romans in 70 A.D.
This apostle is also called Simon the Canaanite in some translations of Matthew 10:4 and Mark 3:18—King James Version, AKJV, and “Cananite” in the NKJV. This word “Canaanite” does not mean a native of Canaan, but is derived from the Syriac word Kanean or Kaneniah, which was the name of a Jewish sect. Some English Bible translations use the word “Cananaean” here with the marginal note: “or Zealot.” The New American Standard Bible (NASB) and many others say “Zealot.” The NASB includes the marginal note: “Or Cananaean.” Cananaean: “member of a Jewish sect that bitterly opposed the Roman domination of ancient Palestine.”
Simon, a brother of Jesus Christ (Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:3)
See: Mary’s other children
Simon, the Pharisee in whose house “a woman of the city which was a sinner” anointed our Lord's feet with ointment (Luke 7:36-38)
Simon the leper of Bethany, in whose house Mary anointed our Lord's head with ointment “as he sat at meat” (Matthew 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-9)
Simon who carried Christ’s cross—a Jew of Cyrene (in North Africa, then a province of Libya)
A hundred thousand Jews from Israel had been settled in this province by Ptolemy Soter (B.C. 323-285), where by this time they had greatly increased in number. They had a synagogue in Jerusalem for such of their number as went thither to the annual feasts. Simon was seized by the soldiers as the procession wended its way to the place of crucifixion as he was passing by, and the heavy cross which Christ from failing strength could no longer bear was laid on his shoulders. Perhaps they seized him because he showed sympathy with Jesus.
He was the “father of Alexander and Rufus” (Matthew 27:32).
Possibly this Simon may have been one of the “men of Cyrene” who preached the word to the Greeks (Acts 11:20).
Simon the sorcerer—of great repute for his magical arts among the Samaritans (Acts 8:9-11)
He afterwards became a professed convert to the faith under the preaching of Philip the deacon and evangelist (12-13). His profession was, however, soon found to be hollow. His conduct drew a stern rebuke from Peter (8:18-23). From this moment, he disappears from the Church’s history.
The term “Simony,” as denoting the purchase for money of spiritual offices, is derived from him.
- Simon the tanner—a Christian at Joppa, a tanner by trade, with whom Peter on one occasion lodged (Acts 9:43)