Meaning: Son of Nabas (i.e., prophecy); Son of Encouragement or Son of the Encouragement (Acts 4:36), Son of Consolation (comfort)
His personal appearance is supposed to have been dignified and commanding (Acts 14:11-12). Luke reports that,
Shortly after they returned, bringing John Mark with them, they were appointed as missionaries to the heathen world, and in this capacity visited Cyprus and some of the principal cities of Asia Minor (Acts 13:14).
Returning from this first missionary journey to Antioch, they were again sent up to Jerusalem to consult with the church there regarding the relation of Gentiles to the church (Acts 15:2; Galatians 2:1).
Paul reported a temporary disagreement with Barnabas and Peter in his letter to the Galatians, saying that,
“…when Cephas came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he stood condemned. For prior to the coming of certain men from James, he used to eat with the Gentiles; but when they came, he began to withdraw and hold himself aloof, fearing the party of the circumcision. The rest of the Jews joined him in hypocrisy, with the result that even Barnabas was carried away by their hypocrisy. But when I saw that they were not straightforward about the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas in the presence of all, “If you, being a Jew, live like the Gentiles and not like the Jews, how is it that you compel the Gentiles to live like Jews?” —Galatians 2:1-14 NASB
When about to set forth on a second missionary journey, a dispute arose between Saul and Barnabas as to the propriety of taking John Mark with them again, as he had left them on their previous assignment. The dispute ended by Saul and Barnabas taking separate routes. Saul took Silas as his companion, and journeyed through Syria and Cilicia; while Barnabas took his nephew John Mark, and visited Cyprus (Acts 15:36-41).
- ARCHAEOLOGY—What does archaeology tell us about Paul’s travels through Cyprus (Acts 13:4-12)? Answer
- Titus—a Greek who accompanied Barnabas and Paul to Jerusalem
- Judas Barsabas
- Bar-Jesus / Elymas
- Epistle to the Hebrews