father in the Bible
Hebrew: אב —transliteration: 'ab
Greek: πατήρ or πατρὸς —transliteration: patér (pater)
This name is applied in these ways in the Bible.
God, the Father
He is the first Person of the TRINITY (Romans 1:7; 1 Corinthians 1:3; 2 Corinthians 1:2; Galatians 1:4)
God, the Father of Israel
“I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me; when he commits iniquity, I will correct him…” —2 Samuel 7:14 NASB
God is the Father of the Israelites by His covenant (Deuteronomy 32:6; Psalm 89:27-28; Jeremiah 31:9; Isaiah 63:16; Isa. 64:8; John 8:41, etc.)
Who is your spiritual father—God or Satan?
Although God is everyone’s Creator (having created Adam from dust and made Eve from Adam—our original parents), He is not EVERYONE’S spiritual Father, as some of the world presume. Jesus Christ and the New Testament writers made it clear that He is only the spiritual Father of those who are born into His family. The spiritual father of others is Satan. As humans and Israelites, the Pharisees claimed God was their Father, however, Christ corrected them,
“You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own nature, for he is a liar and the father of lies.” —John 8:44 NASB
God, the spiritual Father of true believers
“But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.” —John 1:12-13
Therefore, being God’s children and heirs, believers rightly call Him “Father.”
“Father” when applied to humans generally means the male person who biologically created one through conception (sperm uniting with egg).
Ancestors called fathers
The title of father is sometimes applied to any notable male ancestor of a person.
“…‘If we had been living in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partners with them in shedding the blood of the prophets’.” —Matthew 23:30 NASB
Father is sometimes used as a title of respect to a chief, ruler, or elder, etc.
Micah then said to him, “Dwell with me and be a father and a priest to me, and I will give you ten pieces of silver a year, a suit of clothes, and your maintenance.” —Judges 17:10 NASB
The “father” of something a man founded or invented